Climate Change, Flood Disaster Assessment and Human Security in Katsina State, Nigeria.
Keywords:climate change, floods, hazard, human security, infrastructures, trends.
AbstractThis study examines the recent rainfall trends and occurrence of floods in Katsina State. Annual and monthly rainfall data for Katsina from the period 1985 to 2014 were used to analyze the rainfall trends. The standard deviation was then used to determine the rainfall deviation from the normal. The paper focused on the floods event of 2012 and 2013 in the state and the implications for human security. Floods data were obtained from Katsina State Emergency Management Agency, and a total of 200 copies of a questionnaire were administered to flood affected communities in order to obtain information of the causes and damages from the flood hazards of 2012 and 2013. Trend analysis was used to determine the rainfall changes and the results show an increase in rainfall amount in the months of June, July and August which is one of the factors responsible for the frequent occurrences of floods in those months. The major implication of this finding is that infrastructures built on the perceived decreasing rainfall have to be reviewed. The study recommends that, for sustainable development, planning and designing of infrastructures should take into account the recent rainfall trends and occurrences of floods in the area.
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.
World Scholars reserves the rights to retract any published manuscripts in the case of suspected plagiarism or any scientific misconducts. All requests for withdrawal of manuscripts before or after publishing will only be entertained if a formal written request is made to the editor of AJHE. Approvals for withdrawal of manuscripts wholly depends on the consideration of the editor and the editorial board of AJHE. No refunds for the manuscript publishing charges will be made in the event of withdrawal after the manuscript has been published.
Copyrights for articles published in World Scholars journals are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.