The Gender, Participation and Employment Status in Non-Farm Livelihood Activities in Rural Ethiopia: The Case of Shebel Berenta Woreda, Amhara National Regional State
Women in livelihood diversification
AbstractWomen play an immense role in rural non-farm economy. Hence, objective of this study was to assess women’s participation in non-farm activity in Shebel Berenta Woreda, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Mixed research method with explanatory research design was employed for data collection and data analysis. The questionnaire survey was collected from 267 systematically selected women from randomly selected four rural Kebeles, purposively selected key informants and focus group discussants in the study area. The result showed that more than half of respondents(51%) participate in NFA and their extent in NFA participation revealed that, majority of rural women regularly participated in trade, making and sale of local drinks, casual laboring or daily laboring, pottery, food for work, selling of firewood and charcoal production, selling of vegetable and fruits, and retail shopping. While, women has involved in lesser extent on leather works, traditional hair dressing, grain milling and weaving or spinning. In addition, women were constrained from the involvement in carpentry or masonry, community assigned local position, private sector employment and traditional medicine of the non-farm sector in the study area. The employment status of women’s participation in non-farm showed high in self-employment, while limited saying in wage employment. Correspondingly, majority of women pursue NFA in the nearest town or local away from home, whereas small numbers of women pursues NFA through migratory. To enable rural women active participant the government should work on education, providing credit services and built local infrastructure. Key words: Gender, Livelihood, Employment, Non-farm activity, Participation, Shebel Berenta Woreda.
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication. World Scholars reserves the rights to retract any published manuscripts in the case of suspected plagiarism or any scientific misconducts. Copyrights for articles published in AJHSS are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.