• sayyed farooq shah IER
Keywords: Universalization of Primary Education, Child Labour, Qualitative & Quantitative


This article highlights the fact that Child Labour is one of the biggest and a universal obstacle in the way of UPE. The study was mixed method  in nature for which exploratory sequential design (Qualitative & Quantitative approaches) were used, however this article is focused only on Quantitative approach and data. Population of this study comprised all the parents of the total 992 Child Laborers and 2939 teachers teaching primary level at District Bannu, while the sample was 147 primary teachers and 100 parents of Child Labour. For Quantitative data collection two separate questionnaires for teachers & parents were distributed. The study’s objectives were: to investigate the rank order of perceptions of teachers in context of Location, Poverty, Family Status, Child Status, Teacher’s Behavior, context of Overall Child Labour and Universalization of Primary Education. For Quantitative data analysis descriptive supported by inferential statistics were used to reach into in-depth of the issue. On the basis of findings drawn some valuable recommendations were made by the researcher.

Author Biography

sayyed farooq shah, IER
Ph.D scholar


Ahmed, M, et al, (1991). Basic Education and National Development: Lessons from

China and India, New York, UNICEF.

Derrien, J.M, (1991). Labour inspection and Child Labour, Conditions of Work Digest,

Vol. 10/1, Child Labour: Law and Practice, Geneva, ILO

DFID, (2001). The challenge of Universal Primary Education: Strategies for achieving

the international development targets, London.

Government of Uganda, (2000). Making Primary Education Universal and Free:

Uganda’s experience, paper prepared for the World Education Forum, Dakar.

Maranhao, E, (2000). Efforts towards Universalization of Primary Education in Brazil,

paper prepared for the World Education Forum, Dakar, Senegal, 26-28 April, 2000.

UN, (1999). Plans of action for primary education (art.14) General Comment

:10/05799, Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

Yamane, T., (1967). Elementary sampling theory in statistics, Published by Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J. (1967) ISBN 10: 0132595079 ISBN 13: 9780132595070

IPEC-ILO, (2001-2003). “Eliminating the worst forms of child labour and providing educational opportunities”, project briefs, technical progress reports and status reports

ILO-IPEC, (2008). Blanco, F. and Hagemann, F.: Child Labour and Education: Evidence from SIMPOC surveys (Geneva, ILO, 2008). Available at: www.ilo.org/ipec/Informationresources/WCMS_093987/lang--en/ index.htm