International Journal of Cooperative Studies http://worldscholars.org/index.php/ijcs <p>The International Journal of Cooperative Studies (IJCS) is a peer-reviewed journal published by World Scholars publishing. The objective of the journal is to advance knowledge related to the international cooperative movement. The journal also aims to generate theoretical knowledge, promoting research and innovation within the cooperative sectors (rural, agriculture, consumer, housing, worker, social, credit and other forms).</p> World Scholars en-US International Journal of Cooperative Studies 2168-2631 <p>Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.&nbsp;World Scholars reserves the rights to retract any published manuscripts in the case of suspected plagiarism or any scientific misconducts.&nbsp;</p> <p>Copyrights for articles published in World Scholars journals are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.</p> Effects of Access to Credit and Membership in Farmers’ Cooperatives on Improved Technologies Adoption Categories in Cocoa-Based Farming Systems of Southwestern Nigeria http://worldscholars.org/index.php/ijcs/article/view/935 Agricultural development through technical change of adoption of improved technologies remains a vital panacea to food insecurity and poverty among rural farmers. These improved technologies include improved seed varieties, fertilizer, recommended mixed cropping, recommended spacing, and pesticides. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of access to credit and membership in farmers’ cooperatives on categories of adoption of these improved technologies in cocoa-based farming systems. A multistage sampling procedure was employed to obtain data from 200 respondents for the study. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, adoption index and multinomial logit regression model. Descriptive statistics revealed mean difference in some socioeconomic characteristics among categories of adopters in the study area such as household size (p&lt;0.01), farming experience (p&lt;0.01) and farm size (p&lt;0.01). The average level of adoption of improved technologies in the study area was observed to be 49%. There are three categories of adopters in the study area with variations in their socio-economic characteristics. About 7.5 %, 41.5%, and 51% of the respondents were non-adopters, partial adopters, and full adopters of the improved technologies, respectively. Multinomial logit estimates revealed that gender, extension visit, farm size, and access to credit significantly influenced partial adoption of improved technologies. Education, extension visit, farm size, access to credit, and membership of association significantly influenced full adoption of improved technologies. The study concluded that cooperative membership has significant influence on full adoption of improved technologies, while access to credit has significant influence on both partial and full adoption of improved technologies. Therefore, the study recommends that an agricultural development programme that ensures efficient and effective access to credit should be established in the rural areas as well as encouraging formation and strengthen of a farmers’ cooperatives for increased uptake of improved cocoa production technologies Ayodeji Kehinde R Adeyemo J T. O Oke A S Ogunleye ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-19 2018-12-19 7 2 22 29 10.11634/216826311706935