International Journal of Community Development http://worldscholars.org/index.php/ijcd <p>International Journal of Community Development (IJCD) is a peer-reviewed journal. The objective of IJCD is to provide a forum for research in the areas of community development studies. Areas relevant to the scope of the journal include: Rural and community development, regional planning,rural cooperatives, community health; capacity building, community empowerment, sustainable development, social capital, economic development, urban studies, and relevant subjects.</p> en-US <p>Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form. IJCD reserves the rights to retract any published manuscripts in the case of suspected plagiarism or any scientific misconducts.&nbsp;</p> <p>Copyrights for articles published in IJCD are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.</p> ijcd@worldscholars.org (Editor) support@worldscholars.org (Technical Support) Sat, 09 Jun 2018 16:35:51 +0000 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Music Festivals Serving as a Catalyst for Collaborative HIV Prevention Education and Expanded HIV Testing in Rural Uganda http://worldscholars.org/index.php/ijcd/article/view/915 <p>From 2014 through 2016, we produced a music festival in rural Kabale, Uganda in order to facilitate HIV testing and reproductive health services offered by NGOs specializing in HIV and sexual health. Our aim was to assess the effectiveness of a music festival to engage persons in sexual health and HIV screening services. Clinical service data was compiled and analyzed. Between 2014 and 2016, over 38,000 persons attended the annual festivals and were exposed to HIV prevention messaging. Over 7,000 persons have been tested for HIV. In 2016, 4,588 HIV tests were performed. In addition, 36 long-acting means of contraception were placed, 33 women were screened for cervical cancer, 2 tubal ligations were performed, and 193 men were referred for circumcision. Music festivals created a novel opportunity to provide sexual health services including prevention education, reproductive healthcare, and HIV testing to persons at risk for HIV in rural Uganda.</p> James Van Leeuwen, Humphrey Nabimanya, Andrew Ward, Ryan Grundy, Mark Thrun ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://worldscholars.org/index.php/ijcd/article/view/915 Sat, 09 Jun 2018 16:35:50 +0000 The Potential Impact of Family Life Education and Lay Counselor Training on Poverty in Developing Countries: The Example of India http://worldscholars.org/index.php/ijcd/article/view/926 Approximately one third of the world's 1.2 billion poorest people on earth live in India.  It is home to more people living in poverty than any other country in the world.  Although overall poverty rates in India have decreased in the past several decades because of India's emphasis on poverty reduction and community development since independence, the number of people at or below the poverty line remains in the hundreds of millions.  Poverty in India, as in many developing countries, is not just the absence of income but the presence of an ongoing state of helplessness, hopelessness, powerlessness, inequality, and marginalization of the poor.  This article examines how Lay Counselor Training and Family Life Education can have a potentially powerful and long-lasting impact on the socio-economic development of individuals, families, and communities in India.  The authors highlight how professionally trained Indian counselors and family life educators, in cooperation with NGO's and professionals from other areas of the world, can help reduce poverty and enhance healthy human development through the training of lay persons in both rural and urban areas, and how these efforts can, in turn, potentially augment the economic conditions of families and communities.  These effects become mutually reinforcing since the economic development of families and communities is also likely to enhance the mental and emotional health of family members and the overall resilience of the family.  Hence, a multimodal approach to poverty reduction is needed.  In this article India serves as an example for other developing countries. David K Carson, Aparajita Chowdhury ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://worldscholars.org/index.php/ijcd/article/view/926 Sat, 09 Jun 2018 16:35:51 +0000 First-aid Training through Medical Simulation Technology: The Case of Small-Scale Fishers http://worldscholars.org/index.php/ijcd/article/view/932 <em>Introduction.</em> Safety and human health conditions are precarious in small-scale fisheries notwithstanding are an important source of income and food for millions of people. First-aid training is vital for small-scale fishers because the high frequency of fatal and non-fatal injuries during fishing seasons, however, training it is extremely uncommon. <em>Objective.</em> The aim of this study was to implement and to evaluate a first-aid training course tailored for fishers’ using High Fidelity Medical Simulation Technology (HDMST). <em>Methods:</em> First-aid capacities strategy for CPR, choking and recovering position using HDMST were built for 32 small-scale fishers from the Yucatan coast. Fishers’ knowledge was evaluated before and after the training with rubrics and checklists along the maneuvers. <em>Results:</em> Participants’ age was 38 (±10) years old and the maximum educational level was equivalent to a college education. All fishers learned to recognize and react adequately in emergency situations and also to provide effective initial first-aid (individual maneuver efficacy ranged 89-99%). However, elderly and lower educational level influenced the achievements of training goals. <em>Conclusion:</em> The implementation and evaluation of first-aid training course based on HFMST was a well-accepted and effective strategy that increased knowledge and competences for proving first-aid life support among fisher divers from Yucatan, Mexico. Oswaldo Huchim-Lara, Gregorio Cetina-Sauri, Nina Méndez-Domínguez, Herberth Puga-Matú, Walter Chin, Joeana Cambranis, Alberto Alvarez-Baeza ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://worldscholars.org/index.php/ijcd/article/view/932 Wed, 11 Jul 2018 02:43:50 +0000